Nizhny Novgorod is a city in the central Russia, the administrative
center of Privolzhsky Federal District and of Nizhny Novgorod Region. Nizhny Novgorod
is located at the junction of two rivers: Oka and Volga. Oka divides the city into
two parts: the highland one, situated on Dyatlov Hills, and the lowland one on
the left bank of Oka river. Volga separates two cities: Nizhny Novgorod and Bor.
The area of the city is 466.5 square kilometers, the population is ~ 1.2 million
citizens. Nizhny Novgorod is the center of an agglomeration, the population of
which is 2.08 million citizens. It is the sixth in size in Russia and the
second in Middle Povolzh’e.
is called the third capital and “The pocket of Russia”. The city was founded in
1221. by Prince Yuri Vsevolodovich, Duke of Vladimir and Suzdal’ as a frontier fortress.
After transfer the largest fair in Russia into Nizhny Novgorod, it became one of
the main trade centers in Russia. Wealth and prosperity of Nizhny Novgorod became
a legend. The fortress (Kremlin) built in XVI century was never captured by the
There are many
unique memorial buildings, historical places, and culture attractions in the
city. Nizhny Novgorod was included in the list of 100 cities of the world
historical and cultural value by UNESCO.
Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin is the most interesting place in
the city. It is the most unusual fortress in Russia: Its walls drop down, then
rise up following the natural topography. Now, one can walk along the fortress
walls, learn the history of each tower and of main memorials located inside the
fortress (Monument to Minim and
Pozharsky, Mikhail Archangel Cathedral, etc.). Inside Kremlin, there are an
open air exhibition of military technics, one of the buildings of Nizhny Novgorod State Museum of Arts, and
Mstislav Rostropovich State Academic Philharmonic.
Kremlin is surrounded
by a large number of places of interest. Through the gate of Dmitrievskaya Tower,
one can reach the main walking street of the city – Bol’shaya Pokrovskaya St., which goes from Minin and Pozharskii
Square to Gorky Square and Lyadov Square. There are also many places of interest:
Exhibition Gallery, former building of
Upper-Posad shopping arcade, M. Gorky Nizhny Novgorod Academic Drama Theatre, Stat
Bank, Rukavishnikov Manor House, Nizhny Novgorod Theatre of Puppets, Folk Arts
Tower of Kremlin, there is the longest stairway in Russia – Tchkalov Stairway, which has the shape
of eight. The stairway begins at Tchkalov
Monument and connects Upper Volga
Embankment with the Lower Volga
one, which a sight on Strelka and Bor floodplain is opening from. Through Upper Volga Embankment, one can reach Nizhny Novgorod Cableway, which
connects Nizhny Novgorod with Bor. A cableway journey allows enjoying the beautiful
sights of these two cities and on the nature of Bor floodplain lawns.
One of the oldest
streets of the city – Rozhdestvenskaya Street
with many beautiful buildings goes parallel to Lower Volga Embankment. One can learn
the history of the street architecture (P.
I. Shuvalov House erected by A. K. Heintze, I. S. Pyatov House, A. A. Panina
House, Our Lady Cathedral Church, etc.) during a ride on an excursion tram.
In the summertime, the first Russian tram «Arlicon» is cruising along
St. leads to Kanavinskii Bridge – on of the key transport ways connecting the
upper part of the city with the lower one. Passing to the lower part of the city
via Kanavinskii Bridge, one can see, first, Alexander Nevskii New Fair Cathedral and Main Fair House. The orthodox cathedral is located at the junction of
Oka and Volga. It was built in memory of the visit of His Majesty Emperor
Alexander II to Nizhny Novgorod Fair. The building of Fair House was erected in
XIX century on the pale of former fair buildings built by А.А. Betankur, the first architect of Nizhny
Novgorod Fair. These building were deconstructed because of the problems with
the basements. In the design of the building, there are the motives of Russian
traditional architecture. Now, among the others, one of the newest museums of
Nizhny Novgorod – Museum of Entertaining
Sciences “Quarks” is located inside Main Fair House.
All the above
is a small part of the architecture and culture attractions of Nizhny Novgorod
only, located directly in the center of our city. More detailed information on the
local attractions with the historical notes on many places of interest in
Nizhny Novgorod can be found at the tourist portal of Nizhny Novgorod
Region. For further information: